Thursday, 21 October 2010

Heritage Apples

Whilst we were in Cornwall last week we popped into the National Trust Garden at Cotehele, to give the dogs a walk and have some tea and delicious carrot cake. And we were also able to have a quick look at the recently planted Mother Orchard, well, fairly recent I think it's two or three years old, but the point is it's eight acres planted with all kinds of old traditional westcountry apple varieties. The kind you rarely see anymore, and which are in grave danger of dying out completely. It's quite staggering to realize that some English counties have lost almost all their traditional orchards, Devon for example has lost 95% of it's orchards since 1945. But it's not all bad news, and the establishment of the Mother Orchard at Cotehele is intended to provide cutting stock for other National Trust properties around the country which can then be used to bolster the numbers of these old cultivars.

It's often thought that apples won't grow well in the wet mild climate of the westcountry, or that they won't grow in the east because it's too and windy, or in the north because it's too cold, but there's an apple for all situations, and you just have to do a bit of research to find the best apple for your garden. Many of the ancient varieties are very local indeed, and are unknown in other parts of the country. Ashmeads Kernel is a great local Gloucestershire variety, or how about a Pigs Snout or a Devonshire Quarrenden, maybe a lovely old cider apple tree like Kill Boys (a particularly crispy variety said to have killed a boy, presumably as a missile, not poisoning one hopes - I feel an HSE warning coming on) or Hens Turds, (not recorded how it got it's name, thank goodness) There are thousands of known cultivars listed as grown in the UK, and many more are unlisted local varieties. I wonder then, why we can only buy about four or five from our supermarkets? Don't get me started...

The ground under old fruit trees was often tended by livestock, poultry, sheep, or pigs, giving extra benefits to the farmer and to the wider natural environment. I noticed however at Cotehele that they were trying out a more 21st century option

This little gadget was running around the place all on its own, cutting the grass, its area of activity defined by electronic markers under the grass, and when it ran out of energy it just goes back to the docking station to recharge itself. And then it sets off again, I could really do with one of these! Goodness knows what it must cost.

And finally I must mention the famous Cotehele Christmas garland, which they make every year from dried flowers grown on the estate and display in the Great Hall. I think it goes up about a month before Christmas. Quite magnificent, and well worth a visit.  Carrot cake's pretty good too.

9 comments:

Food, Fun and Life in the Charente said...

I want one of those grass cutters :-) Diane

Sharon said...

Some really weird apple names! I wonder if we have an orchard like that here in the U.S. for all of the old varieties? Good thing somebody's on their toes there! Yah, I want one of those grass cutters too!

~Gardener on Sherlock Street said...

The garland is amazing. Thanks for sharing your visit with us. If I had one of those automatic mowers, maybe I wouldn't want to get rid of the lawn so much. Ha!

Doc said...

What a fantastic place, it will go on my list of must visit. I think I will pass on the automatic mower, give me a goat and a push mower any day ;o)

Anonymous said...

Cothele is a most magical marvellous wonderful place, I want to go and live there forever.

Rob said...

that sounds like a great place to visit. I like the little lawn mower, if the boss sees that I will be out of a job!!

Britta said...

Dear Cottage Garden Farmer,
thank you for that interesting post! When we bought our house, in the garden stood an apple variety that nobody knew - very late in the year they become pale yellow, lot of wax on them, lovely to eat. Went to see the pomologist society - even they don't know it - but got pips from me. Near Hamburg in 'Das Alte Land' they even have "Apple Days" as a feast - and I'm glad they try to get old apple varieties back - not only the very monotonous they had for quite a while. Britta

Diane said...

Lovely post - Its amazing how wonderful "real" apples taste when you happen upon them - really appley !!! xxxx

Blue Shed Thinking said...

I have a two year old Hen's Turd tree. I was told it got its name from what the fruit looks like when crushed.

Haven't managed to get to an Apple Day events this year, but will see if anything is going on next weekend.

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